Welcome to the WPML support team.
Thank you for the detailed explanation of the issue.
I've checked your workflow and it seems to work for me. Could you check it if am I doing it as you expect? hidden link
If it is not the case, would you mind to record a screencast providing the steps you followed to translate content?
I would also like to point out that your primary language is Portuguese. Thus, your translation is in English, not the other way around. Please, correct me if I'm wrong.
Besides, I have checked your debug information and I think that there may be a problem. Your WordPress memory is quite low and this may cause some issues, such as missing translations.
Could you increase the WordPress memory in your wp-config.php file? The wp-config.php file is located in your WordPress root directory. It's the same file where the database configuration settings are. You will have to access it by FTP or SFTP in order to edit it.